Glossary

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  • BAPLIE BAPLIE stands for BAyPLan Including Empties. The BAPLIE message is a widely used EDIFACT message in the shipping industry. It is used by and between various parties to advise the exact stowage positions of the cargo on board of an ocean vessel. It is currently chiefly used for container cargo. Besides ... Read more...
  • Berth Planning The planning of vessel calls, vessel port calls in time and space, berth, berth configuration, providing easy visibility and planning/re-planning controls, highlighting planning conflicts like overlapping berths, overlapping departure and arrival, conflicting vessel and berth draft, suitable vessel types and more, and easily identifying available berths for upcoming vessel call, ... Read more...
  • CHE – Container Handling Equipment Cargo handling equipment (CHE) at ports and rail yards generally includes yard tractors, cranes, forklifts, container handlers (e.g., top picks and side picks), and bulk handling equipment, such as tractors, loaders, dozers, excavators, and backhoes. Among these CHE types, yard tractors, container handlers, and forklifts are the most common types of ... Read more...
  • Container Depot A container depot is a storage area for empty shipping containers. A container depot can be located within a container terminal, within the overall port facility or within the hinterland as an ICD inland container depot. Inland container depots are managed as hinterland hubs, as a storage buffer or as points ... Read more...
  • Container Terminal Design Due to the immense speed and relentlessness of growth of international trade and the fact that major parts of the cargo is transported via sea vessels there is an increasing demand for additional terminal capacity by setting up new terminal facilities or by extending existing ones. It is without controversy that ... Read more...
  • Container Terminal Management System Container terminals are very complex and also highly capital intensive. They have to be well managed in order to realize their potential capacity and to deliver a reasonable level of efficiency and service performance to their customers. A good management system cannot be done without IT system(s) – in case ... Read more...
  • Container Terminal Operating System A Terminal Operating System (TOS) is a key part of a terminal and primarily aims to control the movement and storage of various types of cargo in and around a container terminal, port or inland depot. Terminal Operating Systems often utilize other technologies such as internet, EDI processing, mobile computers / ... Read more...
  • Container Terminal Operation System Please refer to: Container Terminal Operating System   Read more...
  • Container Terminal Optimization Seaport container terminals are an important part of the logistics systems in international trade. After a period of long-term growth, the container shipping industry is lately facing multiple pressures and constraints, demanding further optimization. Rising competition among ports and technical progress in ship design, resulting in higher capacity vessels, has put ... Read more...
  • Container Terminal Planning The container shipping industry, the backbone of the global economy supply chain, continues to grow, to adapt, and to change. It is without controversy that the containerization has become the preferred mode for maritime shipping and inland transportation. It is also evident that the rapid growth in foreign trade using ... Read more...
  • Container Terminal Simulation Terminal Operating System TOPS ExpertTerminal simulation systems are software applications of simulation technology for decision making processes on the strategic and design level – including the planning of new terminals (greenfield) as well as expansion or reorganization of existing terminals (brownfield). The simulation tools are used to determine the outcome of potential changes, whether it ... Read more...
  • DGPS – Differential Global Positioning System Differential Global Positioning System („Global Positioning System (with) Differential (Signal)“) Please refer to: Positioning System Read more...
  • EDI Message Please refer to: EDIFACT     Read more...
  • EDIFACT EDIFACT stands for Electronic Data Interchange For Administration, Commerce and Transport (UN/EDIFACT) and is the international EDI standard developed under the supervision of the United Nations. The EDIFACT standard provides: A set of syntax rules to structure data An interactive exchange protocol (I-EDI) Standard messages which allow multi-country and multi-industry exchange.   The work of maintenance ... Read more...
  • Fleet Management System Basically a fleet management (system) is the management of a company’s transportation fleet which includes commercial motor vehicles such as cars, aircraft (planes, helicopters etc.), ships, vans and trucks, as well as rail cars. A fleet management system supports a transport company to remove or minimize the risks associated with vehicle ... Read more...
  • Gate Operating System A Gate Operating System (GOS) is software specifically developed to manage and steer complete gate processes and sub-processes, which are active in modern terminal operations. It comprises of multiple software modules, some of them being customer specific software developments and others generic building blocks customized through configuration. It takes care ... Read more...
  • Gate Operation System Please refer to Gate Operating System   Read more...
  • GOS Please refer to Gate Operating System   Read more...
  • GPS – Global Positioning System Please refer to: Positioning System Read more...
  • HHT – Hand Held Terminal Hand-Held terminals are commonly used on container terminals at various locations and processes, such as the tally man at the waterside to register load and discharge, the gate checker clerk to perform the p-check at the gate, for the reefer electrician to record reefer checks or plug actions and, last ... Read more...
  • ICD – Inland Container Depot An ICD Inland Container Depot is a container handling and storage facility situated at inland points away from sea ports. ICDs help importers and exporters to handle their shipments near their location. For information please also view: Container Depot Read more...
  • Integrated Shipping Terminal Management System An integrated shipping terminal management system is an IT system to manage marine terminal operations, integrating all the core functions of a terminal: gate operations, yard management, vessel operations (such as registration, berthing and pilotage), rail operation, general and dry cargo operations (such as load, discharge, internal movements and delivery, ... Read more...
  • Intermodal Terminal Management System Intermodal freight terminals play a key role within multimodal transport. The transit time through these terminals represents one of the most relevant bottlenecks in logistic chains. They are using multiple modes of transport (rail, vessel and truck) without any handling of the freight itself when changing modes (no value added ... Read more...
  • Invoicing System The container terminal business consists of a wide scope of individual services which are provided to the customers (liners) and which need to be charged with individual prices and/or standard tariffs. The invoicing can be made for individual vessels or based on liners or services. An invoicing system needs to take ... Read more...
  • KPI – Key Performance Indicator A regular measurement based on data, which indicates the performance of a process or a business line. For information about TOPS KPI please also visit: TOPS KPI Read more...
  • LLPOD – Load List Port of Discharge This is the discharge port for a container, listed on the COPRAR load list, which is send to the terminal. The COPRAR load list is processed by the TOPO and passed on to the TopX, where it is used to create a vessel load list. Read more...
  • Marine Terminal System A marine terminal system – by definition a Terminal Operating System (TOS) – is an essential tool within a marine terminal or port to manage and control the movement and storage of various types of cargo (container, break bulk/project cargo, liquid bulk, etc.) The objective of a marine terminal system is ... Read more...
  • MDT – Mobile Data Terminal Mobile Data Terminal (Radio Frequency Equipment) Please refer to: HHT – Handheld Terminal Read more...
  • MOVINS An EDIFACT standard stowage instruction message which is sent by the vessel to the Vessel Planner prior to her arrival. This message contains the pre-plan information for loading the vessel. See also: EDIFACT Read more...
  • Multimodal Terminal Management System Please refer to: Intermodal Terminal Management System   Read more...
  • OCR System OCR stands for Optical Character Recognition. Cameras and OCR technology visually check containers, ‘reading’ (recognizing) container numbers and ISO codes. OCR systems are increasing the speed of operations and are reducing data errors. Read more...
  • PDS – Positioning Detection System Please refer to: Positioning System   Read more...
  • Positioning System The increasing growth of international trade requires continuous improvements of terminal infrastructure and operational efficiency at container terminals and port facilities. Due to this development efficient container handling and equipment management, safety and increasing automation are playing important roles. Position detection systems are focusing on container position information systems, which are ... Read more...
  • Real-Time Terminal Operating System Terminal Operation System Port PictureA real time terminal operating system (TOS) provides the complete picture of what’s actually going on in real-time throughout port or terminal facilities. Real time data is available at any time without any delay for uploading and/or downloading data between server and client – including operations optimization; yard management; vessel management; ... Read more...
  • Reefer Monitoring System A system, which automatically captures the inside temperature of a reefer container, records it and reports any deviations from the set reefer temperature to the TOS or e.g. to the reefer workshop. Read more...
  • RMG – Rail Mounted Gantry A specialized yard container crane. A RMG travels on rails to lift containers in the yard area. The containers are lifted by a spreader, which is attached to the RMG with cables. RMGs come in a variety of makes and models with different spans and dimensions. Read more...
  • RTG – Rubber Tyred Gantry Crane A specialized yard container crane. A RTG travels on wheels to lift containers in the yard area. The containers are lifted by a spreader, which is attached to the RMG with cables. RTGs come in a variety of makes and models with different spans and dimensions. Read more...
  • Shipping Terminal Management System Please refer to Integrated Terminal Management System   Read more...
  • Terminal Operating System Please refer to: Container Terminal Operating System   Read more...
  • Terminal Operation System Please refer to: Container Terminal Operating System   Read more...
  • Terminal Simulation Please refer to: Container Terminal Simulation   Read more...
  • TEU – Twenty Feet Equivalent Unit Twenty Feet Equivalent Unit is a unit of measure equivalent to a 20 feet container.   Read more...
  • TOPO – Terminal Operations Package – Office/Oracle The Terminal Operations Foundation System. It is the the backend for the Gate, Billing and Management Information Systems. The Foundation System can be any system that interfaces with TOPX through the message interface and is the system that processes all the EDI messages, where all the data entry is performed before passing ... Read more...
  • TOPS – Terminal Operations Package – System This is the name of the total RBS software package, which includes TOPX and TOPO. TOPS is a computerized container tracking and management system for the handling containers at a container terminal.       Read more...
  • TOPX – Terminal Operations Package – XWindows This module, an RBS made Real-time Graphical Planning, Control and Monitoring System, deals with the tracking, storing and managing of container movements into, within and out of the terminal yard. The module also includes a fully integrated Radio Frequency communications system for the transmission of container moving instructions to the ... Read more...
  • TOS – Terminal Operating System Please refer to: Container Terminal Operating System   Read more...
  • Truck Fleet Management System Please refer to: Fleet Management System   Read more...
  • VERMAS A new SOLAS directive from 07/01/2016 requires a certified gross weight of export containers. The new EDI message VERMAS should be used for this purpose. In relation to a supply chain including the transport of a packed container on an ocean vessel, the Verified Gross Mass message (VERMAS) permits to ... Read more...
  • Vessel Planning Vessel planning mainly involves planning, executing and monitoring the loading and discharging operations of vessels at a terminal / port. The most important objective of vessel planning is to plan the vessel discharge and loading operations ensuring best stability and trim condition to the vessel, best productivity to the quay operation, ... Read more...

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